Aquanova Development Solar Project (NTS)

Non-Technical Summary

1. Introduction

This document provides a non-technical overview of the proposed development plans of private company Aquanova Development LLC to construct a solar photovoltaic power plant in Zakarpatska Oblast of Ukraine.

It also presents a summary of potential environmental and social impacts and other environmental and social issues related to the project activities. Appropriate measures to mitigate key adverse environmental and social effects that may arise during project construction and operation are provided in Table 1 at the end of this document.

The project developer Aquanova Development LLC has approached the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) for financing this development. The project is thus subject to EBRD’s 2014 Environmental and Social Policy and has been determined as a Category B project.

This Non-Technical Summary (NTS) document, and a Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP) for the project will be placed in the locations shown below for public review and comment:

  • Aquanova Development LLC company offices

    Postal Address: 03040, Kyiv, Vasylkivska str. 1

    Phone: +380 44 333 39 30

  • Shalanky Village Council

    Address: 90311, Zakarpatska Oblast, Vynogradivsky District, Shalanky Village, Myru str., 5

    Phone: +380 3143 44422

Furthermore, the documents will be available online at and Any interested party is encouraged to provide comments and suggestions on the environmental, social or other aspects of the project. For further information or comments please contact:

Name Contact information
Olena Permiakova, General Director

Iryna Tymchenko, Project Manager

Company: Aquanova Development LLC

Postal Address: 03040, Kyiv, Vasylkivska str. 1

Phone: +38 (044) 333 39 30

Mobile phone: +38 (095) 284 62 73


2. Description of the Proposed Development

The project will put in 12,600 photovoltaic modules and associated equipment, which will provide an installed capacity of 3AC, and approximately 3.6 Gigawatt-hours of net electricity generated per year

The plant will be operated on an area of 5.624 hectares that is subleased for the project. A new 1,050m-long and 4.5m-wide road made of gravel will be constructed to access the project site. The plant will be connected to the distribution grid at an existing 110/10kV substation “Shalanky” owned by Oblenergo, by two paralell 10kV aerial transmission lines, approximately 1,395m-long each. Electricity will be sold to the national grid at the “green tariff”.

The Project will be located at Salva street 100, Shalanky Village (3,110 residents) in Vynohradiv District of Zakarpatska Oblast. The nearest residential properties of Shalanky are located at approximately 950m north of the project site. The location of the project site is shown on the Figures 1 and 2 below.

The plant will be constructed, commissioned and operated by Aquanova Development Limited Liability Company, which was established in 2008, or its contractors.

By employing the renewable solar power, the project will provide significant environmental benefits over other types of energy generation, such as those using fossils fuels (gas, coal) or nuclear. It will contribute to the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases (expected annual emission reductions are 2,745 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent), create some temporary construction jobs, and improve the security of energy supply in the area.

3. Environmental, Health, Safety and Social Review

3.1 Project studies and documents

Solar energy power plants can be considered as having perhaps the least impact on the environment and the biodiversity of the surroundings. However, to assess and manage their impacts, several environmental documents have been prepared, as explained below.

The project preparation included assessment of the environmental conditions of the site, surrounding area, as well as environmental and social impacts. These have been summarized in a separate EIA/OVNS chapter of the project design documentation. Also, an Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) has been developed as part of the environmental and social due diligence process. The ESAP identified mitigation measures to prevent or reduce potential negative impacts of the project and ensure its compliance with the EBRD’s Performance Requirements.

A Stakeholder Engagement Plant (SEP) has been developed to describe how Aquanova Development will communicate with people and institutions who may be affected by, or interested in the project, at various stages of project preparation and implementation. The SEP will be disclosed to the public together with this NTS. The company will assign a social liaison function to one of its staff, who will be responsible for keeping an open dialogue with stakeholder groups and local residents. At any time before and during construction and operation, any stakeholder can raise concerns, provide comments and feedback about the project. All such comments or grievances will be accepted, processed and answered by Aquanova Development in a timely manner. The grievance mechanism is outlined in the SEP.

3.2 Sensitive locations

The project is located in an agricultural area and fairly distant from residential properties. There are no environmentally protected areas or sites of cultural heritage on, or nearby, the project site.

The nearest residential area of Shalanky village is located at 950m north of the site boundary. Some increased traffic, dust and noise can be expected during the short period of construction works (including construction of site access road and electric transmission lines), and these public nuisances will be mitigated accordingly. The operating plant will not generate any emissions, noise or flickering, and thus will not disturb the residents of the nearby village. The glint/glare impacts are assessed as low due to outlying location of the residential area.

Two infrastructure objects owned by third parties — an underground communication cable and an underground gas pipeline — are located at the easterly side of the project site. No project installations will be placed within the protection zones of these objects. Access of respective third parties to these objects for maintenance and in emergencies will be provided by the project.

3.3 Project impacts and their mitigation

The evaluation of potential environmental and social impacts has determined that, in addition to its benefits, the project may have some negative impacts on the environment and people, if not managed carefully. Therefore, Aquanova Development will implement certain actions (called “mitigation measures”) to prevent or reduce potential negative impacts of the project as outlined in the ESAP. Key mitigation measures are summarized in the table below.

Table 1 Overview of Key Potential Project Impacts and Their Mitigation



Potential impact

Mitigation measures


General construction activities Impacts during construction of the main (solar modules and inverter stations) and associated (transmission lines and access road) project facilities, such as land excavation, dust, noise, air emissions from vehicles involved, vehicle traffic, generation of construction wastes, etc.
  • Prepare and implement construction management plan to reduce and mitigate general construction impacts, including noise, air emissions, waste generation and disposal, land erosion.
  • Prepare and implement traffic management plan, including consideration of delivery routes, other road users, speed limits, and warning signs.
  • Ensure project contractors adhere to relevant environmental and social requirements.
  • Continuously monitor impacts to comply with appropriate national environmental standards and EBRD requirements.


Transmission lines Impacts of construction of two parallel 10kV overhead transmission lines (1,395m each) for grid connection.
  • Ensure appropriate design and routing of the transmission lines to avoid sensitive locations.
  • Comply with relevant sanitary and environmental and social requirements and norms, including those of the EBRD.
  • Conclude land-lease agreements with the land-owners for siting the TL towers.
  • Mitigate any residual impacts after the completion of construction.


Plant decommissioning Waste generation and disposal during decommissioning of the plant at the end of the 25- year life cycle.
  • Ensure recycling and appropriate disposal of PV modules at the end of their lifetime in line with best environmental practices, including the ones under the PVCycle international initiative.